• Face: Has their face fallen on one side? Can they smile?
  • Arms: Can they raise both arms and keep them there?
  • Speech: Is their speech slurred?
  • Time: Time to call 999 if you see any single one of these signs.

What is a stroke?

A stroke occurs when the blood flow supplying oxygen, glucose and other substances to the brain is interrupted. Following a stroke some cells become damaged or die.

The brain controls everything we do and the effects of stroke will vary considerably depending on the part of the brain affected, together with the size of the damaged area.

  • A stroke is a brain attack
  • Strokes are sudden and have an immediate effect
  • A stroke can damage mind and body
  • Recovering from a stroke takes time
  • A stroke is always a medical emergency

Types of stroke

  • Ischaemic stroke occurs when material blocks one of the arteries carrying blood to the brain.
  • Haemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel bursts, causing bleeding into brain tissue. 

Common symptoms of strokes and TIAs

These symptoms can be very frustrating—it is important to give yourself time and be patient.


Contact Information

Stroke Coordinator
Stroke Team
T: 020 3315 5269

Nell Gwynne Ward
4th Floor, Lift Bank B
T: 020 3315 8431/2

TIA Services
Medical Day Unit

Ground Floor, Lift Bank D
T: 020 3315 3265

Chelsea and Westminster Hospital
369 Fulham Road
SW10 9NH


Click the button if you would like to arrange for a volunteer to visit a friend or family member in hospital.


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